Friday, July 19, 2019

Key facts about angels in Islam

  Tim       Friday, July 19, 2019

Allah has created many creatures such as jinns, humans and angels. He refers to angels in Quran as al-Malaikah. We humans cannot see angles with a naked eye but some pious Muslims whom Allah loves can feel the presence of angels in their perception and at a thought-level. Angels are made out of light. There is no mention of angels being created through light in the Quran but a Hadith tells us:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: 
“The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from smokeless fire, and Adam was created from that which has been described to you.” [Muslim, 2996]

Since they are made of pure light, we cannot see them. They do what Allah orders them to. Another important aspect of angels is that they do not exercise their free-will like humans and jinns. They do not have free-will and pray continuously to praise Allah(SWT).



Jibrael(Gabriel)

Known as the angel of revelation, Jibrael revealed Quran to the Prophet Muhammad(SAW) and sent across Allah’s messages to the Prophet.  Jibrael is also responsible for bringing Allah’s blessings on Laylatul Qadr (the blessed night in Ramadan) and punishing the people and nations who persist in wrongdoing. 

Mikael: 

Also known as Micheal in English tradition, Mikael has a duty to pour rains and winds as Allah(SWT) wills. 

Israfeel: 

The angel Israfeel will blow the trumpet signaling the end of this world and journey towards Qayyama (Judgment day). 

Azrael: 

In Judeo-Christian tradition, this angel is referred to as Azrael while Quran has mentioned this angel as malak-al-mout (the angel of death).  He is responsible for taking the lives and soul of people from this world when Allah wills and orders.

Malik: 

An angel who guards and maintains hell. 

Munkar and Nakeer: 

These angels are responsible to ask questions to the deceased about their beliefs, actions in life. The three known questions that these angels will ask in grave are: who is your God? Who is your Prophet? What is your Religion. They will torment the disbelievers and disobedient people in grave. 

Haroot and Maroot

As mentioned in Surah Al-Baqarah in Quran, Haroot and Maroot were the two angels that Allah sent to earth and people. They taught people black magic with a warning that they are here only for a trial and anyone who learns black magic and practices sorcery will be doomed to Hell. People despite the warning thronged them in an effort to learn the art of black magic aimed at breaking up marriages and families and creating chaos among people.

Kiraman Katibeen: 

These are the two angels that are present on every human being’s shoulder: right and left. The right side of the angel records the good deeds the person does and the left one records the bad deeds.

Mention of Angels in Quran

There are multiple Quran verses that mention, describe and explain the existence of angels. Some of the verses are quoted below:

“[they, i.e., angels] disobey not, (from executing) the commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.” [66:6 – interpretation of the meaning]
“They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so) [21:20]

Angels bear witness to the oneness of Allah.

“Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He always) maintains His creation in justice. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [3:18]
“They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so) [21:20]

There were prophets from within angels as well.

“Allah chooses messengers from angels and from men.” [22:75 – interpretation of the meaning]

Allah asked angels to prostrate before Adam to honor him.

“And (remember) when We said to the angels: ‘Prostrate yourselves before Adam.’ And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah).’” [2:34 – interpretation of the meaning]

Angels carry out multiple duties and tasks. They bear the Throne of Allah.

“Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah)…” [40:7 – interpretation of the meaning]
“But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you,

Kiraman (Honourable) Katibeen —writing down (your deeds),

They know all that you do.” [82: 10-12 – interpretation of the meaning]

“(Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions)

“Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a pious state (i.e. pure from all evil, and worshipping none but Allah Alone) saying (to them): Salamun ‘Alaykum (peace be on you) enter you Paradise, because of that (the good) which you used to do (in the world).”
“And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who disbelieve (at death); they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): ‘Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire.’” [8:50 – interpretation of the meaning]

“And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying): Salamun ‘Alaykum (peace be upon you) for you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!” [13:23-24 – interpretation of the meaning]

And among them are the gatekeepers of Hell:

“O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe.” [66:6 – interpretation of the meaning]

Among them are some who strive in jihad (battle) with the believers:

“(Remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels, ‘Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and smite over all their fingers and toes.’” [8:12 – interpretation of the meaning]

On Laylat al-Qadr (Night of Decree) in the month of Ramadan, the angels come down to witness goodness with the Muslims, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“The Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibreel] by Allah’s permission with all decrees.” [97:3-4]

The angels do not enter a house in which there is a statue, picture (image) or a dog. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: 
“The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or an image.” [Muslim].

Belief in the angels is one of the pillars of faith, and whoever denies it is a kafir (disbeliever): 

“... and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His gngels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.” [4:136 – interpretation of the meaning]

Some Frequently Asked Questions About Angels

Can Angels be Bad?

No. They do not have their free-will to choose between good and bad. They only act as Allah(SAW) wills unlike Human beings and Jinns.

Do Angels Have a Gender?

No. They are neither male or female

Do Angels Have Wings?

Yes. Some have 1000s of wings and they are so gigantic that they can cover the entire earth.

Do Angels Visit Home and Places?

Yes. They visit the homes and people where Quran is recited. They also frequently visit the people who do Zikr constantly such as Astaghfar(repentance) and Shuk’r(gratitude).

Allah Knows Best. 
 



Disclaimer: This article has been written and produced by a Muslim writer and all information was well-research and checked for accuracy. If you still find any unintentional error, please inform us and we will make amends. Jazakallah.  
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