Monday, July 19, 2021

Rules of Qurbani (All Questions Answered)

  Anonymous       Monday, July 19, 2021

This year, Eid al-Adha will begin on July 20, 2021 and July 21 in some parts of the world such as Pakistan, India, Bangladesh. Dhul Hijjah and the Eid al-Adha festival are two of the most significant periods in the Muslim calendar. Many of us will be organising our Qurbani (sacrifice ritual) in the coming days, and it is critical that we carry out this obligation properly. In this post, we address the most frequently asked questions about this significant act of worship in this section.

rules of qurbani

What exactly is Qurbani?

Qurbani is an annual animal sacrifice made to Allah during the days of Eid al-Adha, which commemorates the completion of Hajj. This sacrifice commemorates the Prophet Ibrahim's (as) willingness to sacrifice his beloved son Isma'il (as) after being shown in a dream that Allah desired it. The dream, however, was a test from Allah, and He sent down a ram from heaven to be sacrificed in place of Isma'il (as).

By sacrificing an animal each year, Muslims across the globe demonstrate their willingness to make whatever sacrifices Allah requires of us and to submit completely to Him.

When are Qurbani sacrifices performed?

Qurbani is performed following the Eid prayer on Eid-ul-Adha, from the 10th to the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. This year, Eid al-Adha will begin on July 20, 2021.

Any sacrifice made prior to the Eid prayer is considered a Sadaqah, not the obligatory Qurbani; however, if this is done, the Qurbani must still be performed after the Eid prayer.

According to Jundab bin Sufyan Al-Bajali, 'I saw the Prophet (saw) on the Day of Nahr (or Eid day). He (saw) stated, "Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice prior to offering the Eid prayer should slaughter another in its place; and whoever has not yet slaughtered their sacrifice should do so now." (Bukhari)

Is Qurbani fard (required)?

The Prophet (saw) stated on the occasion of Eid, "The first thing we will do on this day is offer the (Eid) prayer and then return to perform the sacrifice." Whoever does so is acting in accordance with our Sunnah...' (Bukhari)

Qurbani, according to the Hanafi school of thought, is wajib and considered obligatory. The distinction between fard and wajib is that fard actions are mandatory based on conclusive evidence, whereas wajib actions are not certain to be mandatory. However, wajib actions are still highly recommended and, according to the Hanafi school of thought, are considered obligatory on Muslims, implying that they should not be disregarded.

Qurbani is sunnah mu'akadah, according to the Shafi'i school of thought. This means that while it is strongly recommended as a confirmed Sunnah, it is not required.

The most widely accepted Maliki and Hanbali view is that Qurbani is a sunnah mu'akadah; however, they have stated that it is obligatory in some views.

Whichever school of thought you adhere to, performing the Qurbani carries a significant reward because it is something the Prophet (saw) personally performed and encouraged his followers to do as well.

Who is required to make Qurbani?

According to the Hanafi school, any adult, sane Muslim who possesses the Nisab value is required to perform a Qurbani. Therefore, if you are qualified to pay Zakat, you must offer a Qurbani.

According to the Maliki and Hanbali schools, the person in charge of the household may perform the Qurbani on their behalf.

'Ata bin Yasar stated, 'I inquired of Abu Ayub (Al-Ansari) how animal sacrifices were performed during the time of the Messenger of Allah (saw). "A man would sacrifice a sheep for himself and his household," he stated. (Tirmidhi)

However, it is not uncommon for two or more people to pay Zakat in many households today. The most prudent and secure course of action is for everyone who pays Zakat to offer their own Qurbani.

What should I do if I am unable to attend Qurbani?

If you missed Qurbani in the past, you can make up for it this year by sacrificing an additional animal. Calculate the number of years you've missed and you'll know how many animals to sacrifice. 

How many animals am I required to slaughter?

A Qurbani may be a small animal such as a goat or a portion of a larger animal such as a cow. Neither is more remunerative, as both satisfy your obligation. If you choose one of our Qurbani options, your Qurbani is complete.

You may also choose to follow the Prophet's Sunnah, which required him to make an additional sacrifice on behalf of his Ummah.

‘The Prophet (saw) sacrificed for those in his Ummah who were unable to do so, for those who bore witness to Allah's Oneness and (his) Prophethood'. ([Ahmad and Tabarani])

By adhering to the Sunnah and doubling your Qurbani, you can double your reward and provide assistance to more needy families.

When and how should I perform my Qurbani?

While the majority of people donate during the month of Dhul Hijjah, some will make their Qurbani up to a month before Eid. Due to the limited number of Qurbanis available in each location, we recommend that you perform your Qurbani as soon as possible.

The sacrifices will take place following the Eid prayer and will continue for the three days of Eid.

You may, however, place a Qurbani order up until Maghrib time on the third day of Eid (12th Dhul Hijjah).

Can I trim my nails or cut my hair if I'm performing a Qurbani?

It is strongly recommended that the person performing the Qurbani refrain from cutting their hair or nails beginning on the first day of Dhul Hijjah and continuing until after the sacrifice.

The Prophet (saw) stated, 'When the ten days of Dhul Hijjah begin and one of you wishes to make a sacrifice, he should refrain from cutting his hair or nails'. (Muslim)


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